After a long tiring week, what better way is there to unwind than a simple trek. The best part of living in Pune is that with the number of forts around the city, weekends can never be boring.
Located around 68 km from Pune, Lohagad fort is one of the best forts built in the Maratha empire.
Situated at a height of almost 3400 feet above the sea level, Lohagad fort is the perfect amalgamation of ancient architecture and natural beauty. Built during the Satvahana period, the fort is a perfect destination for trekking enthusiasts and nature lovers.
The trek to the fort is an easy one and perfect for the first-timers, making it a favourite among hiking enthusiasts. In addition to its thrilling trek route, Lohagad Fort in itself is a massive structure that was once under the control of the mighty Maratha Empire and is connected to its twin Visapur Fort as well.
Located in the strategic location of Maval taluka in Pune district these twin forts played a very important role in the pre-British era of Indian history.
The history of this fort is as interesting as its geographical location. Built sometime between the 7th and 11th century, the fort was ruled by several dynasties before Shivaji captured it in 1648. In 1665, under the Treaty of Purandar, signed between Maharaja Jai Singh I, the commander of the Mughal army and Shivaji, he had to surrender Lohagad along with 23 other forts. It was after the treaty of Purandar that Shivaji went to Agra to meet Aurangzeb.
However, in 1670, after Shivaji’s escape from Agra, the fort was recaptured by the Maratha ruler and it was used to for keeping his treasury.
Lohagad was also used to keep the loot from Surat and later, under the Peshwas, Nana Phadnavis lived on the fort and built several structures around it.
Lohagad is an excellent example of Shivaji’s clever strategic and architectural planning. The path leading to the fort is an illusion, while walking on the road that leads to Lohagad, one feels that he is walking towards Visapur.
The walls of the fort are designed in such a way that one can only see the fortified walls of the Visapur fort, while actually walking towards Lohagad. This illusion was created to lay a trap for the enemy forces.
Lohagad is one of the best forts that the Marathas built, its location and its four fortified gates, make it almost invincible.
Situated at barely 15.5 km from Lonavala, Lohagad fort is the perfect place for you if you have read the Maratha history. For someone who has read Babasaheb Purandare’s Rajashiv Chattrapati, a visit to the fort is like watching the pages of Purandare’s work come alive.
If you are not a history lover but are looking for a serene spot to spend your weekend, Lohagad fort is the ideal place for you!
Cover image: blog.pune99