World Heritage Day: These Are The 6 World Heritage Sites In India You Probably Didn’t Know About

Some of these sites are extremely popular like the Taj Mahal and Khajuraho group of monuments.

World Heritage day, India, West Bengal, Sikkim, Mumbai, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan

In 1982, the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) in France declared April 18th as the international day for monuments and sites or the World Heritage Day, which was approved by the general assembly of UNESCO in 1983 with an aim to boost awareness of the importance of the cultural heritage of humankind.

In total, there are 1052 World Heritage Sites (as of July 2016) situated in 165 state parties. Out of which, India is home to 35 World Heritage Sites which includes 27 cultural, 7 natural and 1 mixed sites.

Some of these sites are extremely popular such as the Taj Mahal in Agra, Khajuraho group of Monuments in Madhya Pradesh, Humayun’s Tomb, the Qutub Minar, the Red Fort in Delhi etc. Sites like these are known to the world for their resplendence and natural history and are visited by millions of tourists every year.

However, there are some lesser known places in our country, which are designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites and that are of equal importance in regards to out cultural or natural heritage. So, on this World Heritage Day, we bring to you a list of 6 Heritage Sites in India that you probably didn’t know about:

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus):

Source: commons

Location: Mumbai, Maharashtra

Established in: 1887-1888

Nominated: July 2nd, 2004

Significance: The CST is a historic railway station in Mumbai, which serves as the headquarters of Central Railways. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India. Designed by consulting architect Frederick Stevens, the station is an outstanding example of the meeting of two cultures. This Gothic style architectural landmark was formerly known as Victoria Terminus in honour of the Queen and Empress Victoria. However, in response to the demands by the Shiv Sena, the state government renamed the station as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1996.

Kumbhalgarh Fort:

Source: bhavanajagat

Location: Udaipur, Rajasthan

Established in: 15th century

Nominated: 2013

Significance: With a wall that extends over 38 km long, the Kumbhalgarh fort has the second largest wall in the world after the Great Wall of China and the second largest fort in Rajasthan after Chittorgarh fort. The fort was built by Rana Kumbha and is also the birthplace of the great king and warrior of Mewar, Maharana Pratap. In 2013, UNESCO declared Kumbhalgarh along with five other forts of Rajasthan as World Heritage Sites. These six forts are known as Hill Forts of Rajasthan and include the most important fort in Mewar, the Chittorgarh fort,  Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amber Fort and the Jaisalmer Fort. This fort complex includes palaces, Hindu and Jain temples, urban centres and trading centres.

Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka

Source: indiaheritagesites

Location: Bhojpur Raisen district, Madhya Pradesh

Established: About 30,000 years ago

Nominated: 2003

Significance: The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka are spread in sandstone formations extending over an area of around 25,400 acres. The rock shelters, which were discovered in 1957, comprise of a group of five clusters of rock shelters with paintings that are inferred to date from the Mesolithic period right through to the Historical period, with the 21 villages surrounding them reflecting the traditions displayed in the rock paintings.

Group of Monuments at Pattadakal

Source: realbharat

Location: Bagalkot, Karnataka

Established in: 8th century

Nominated: 1987

Significance: The group of monuments in Pattadakal cover a remarkable series of nine Hindu temples and a Jain sanctuary in northern Karnataka. In this group of temples, the Virupaksha Temple, built between 740 and 745 A.D., is considered to be the most outstanding architectural edifice. The temples represent a significant fusion of the architectural features of northern and southern India.

Mountain Railways: Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway

Source: transparent

Location: Darjeeling, Ooty and Himachal Pradesh respectively

Established in: 19th and early 20th century

Nominated: 1999, 2005 and 2008 respectively

Significance: The Mountain Railways of India represents a collective listing of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka-Shimla Railway under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The three Mountain Railways of India have been stated as World Heritage Sites for being outstanding examples of bold, ingenious engineering solutions for the problem of establishing an effective rail link through a rugged, mountainous terrain.

Khangchendzonga National Park

Source: indiagetaways

Location: Sikkim

Established in: 1977

Nominated: July 17th, 2016

Significance: The Khangchendzonga National Park has a unique diversity of plains, valleys, lakes, glaciers, snow-capped mountains covered with ancient forests. The national park also has the World’s third largest peak, Mount Khangchendzonga.

There’s absolutely no denying the fact that India is among one of the top countries globally in terms of world heritage sites and these sites in our country are considered to be of immense cultural and natural importance in the world.

Information source: wikipedia

Title image: indiaheritagesitesindiagetaways and transparent

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himanshu pitale (WRITER)

An ardent music enthusiast, a true idealist and an INFP. Loves to play football and volleyball. Enjoys watching TV series and movies, irrespective of their genre. Obsessed with role-playing games. Believes in ‘live-and-let live’. Fascinated by the mysteries of the unknown. More of a ‘try me’ than a ‘why me’ kind.