In a first, around 70 new words of the Indian origin were added to the Oxford English Dictionary. Words like ‘dadagiri’, ‘vada’, ‘anna’ and ‘gulab jamun’ are amongst the words that were added in the September edition update.
‘Anna’ had already made its way to the prestigious dictionary, but it was in the context of one-sixteenth of a rupee. The ‘Anna’ of the meaning ‘elder brother’ has been added as Anna2 (also annan).
An extensive list of Indian food ingredients has been added to the OED. Keema, Mirch, Mirch Masala and Namkeen will now be found in the dictionary.
Prior to the update, around 900 Indian words already existed in the glossary.
Here is a list of the new Indian words that have made their way to the Oxford Dictionary:
Anna: Elder brother
Bada din (also Burra Din): Christmas.
Bapu: A father (often as a form of address).
Bhavan: A building used for a special purpose, such as meetings or concerts.
Chakka jam: Deliberately creating a traffic jam as a form of protest
Chamcha: An obsequious person.
Chaudhuri: The headman of a region; a local chief.
Chhi-chhi: Used to express disgust.
Chup: Be quiet.
Dadagiri: Intimidating, coercive, or bullying behaviour.
Desh: A person’s or a people’s native land.
Devi: The supreme goddess, often identified with Parvati and Sakti.
Didi: An older sister or older female cousin
Diya: A small cup-shaped oil lamp made of baked clay.
Dum: Cooked with steam.
Funda: A basic or fundamental principle underlying something.
Gosht: Red meat.
Gulab jamun: An Indian sweet consisting of a ball of deep-fried paneer boiled in sugar syrup.
Gully: An Indian alley
Haat: A market, especially one held on a regular basis in a rural area.
Jhuggi: A slum dwelling typically made of mud and corrugated iron.
Ji: Used with names and titles to show respect
Jugaad: A flexible approach to problem-solving that uses limited resources in an innovative way.
Keema: Minced meat.
Kund: A tank or small reservoir in which rainwater is collected for drinking.
Maha: Very large or great.
Mirch: Chilli peppers or chilli powder.
Mirch masala: Elements providing interest or excitement.
Nagar: A town, city, or suburb.
Nai: A barber.
Namkeen: A small savoury snack or dish.
Natak: Drama or dramatic art.
Nivas: A place of residence; a house, block of flats, etc.
Qila: A fort or fortress.
Sevak: A male servant or attendant, especially a male attendant in a temple responsible for performing or assisting with the daily rituals of worship.
Sevika: A woman employed to advise and assist in matters of community welfare and development.
Tappa: A short folk song of northern Indian origin.
Timepass: The action or fact of passing the time, typically in an aimless or unproductive way.
Udyog: A company, especially one involved in manufacturing.
Vada: An Indian dish consisting of a ball made from ground pulses and deep-fried.
Information source: india.com
Title image source: skyfizz